Frost, R., Armstrong, B. C., & Christiansen, M. H. (in press).  Statistical learning research: A critical review and possible new directions.  Psychological Bulletin.  


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Abstract

Statistical learning (SL) is involved in a wide range of basic and higher-order cognitive functions and is taken to be an important building block of virtually all current theories of information processing. In the last two decades, a large and continuously growing research community has therefore focused on the ability to extract embedded patterns of regularity in time and space. This work has mostly focused on transitional probabilities, in vision, audition, by newborns, children, adults, in normal developing and clinical populations. Here we appraise this research approach, we critically assess what it has achieved, what it has not, and why it is so.  We then center on present SL research to examine whether it has adopted novel perspectives. These discussions lead us to outline possible blueprints for a novel research agenda.


Keywords: Statistical learning, regularities, distributional properties, patterning, information processing, cognition, language, memory


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