Das, B., Meltzer, J. A., & Armstrong, B. C. (2021).  Quantitative Assessment of Handedness and Cerebral Lateralization.  Journal of Natural Sciences, 2(1).  https://doi.org/10.33137/jns.v2i1.34660


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Official version hosted by the Journal of Natural Sciences


Handedness is the most studied human asymmetry due to its connection to various lateralized behaviours and hence many studies have focused on developing a valid assessment. One of the most popular is the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory (EHI), however, its psychometric properties have been questioned and due to its complex response format, various modified versions of EHI are in use. One of them is a 7-item questionnaire produced by Dragovic and Milenkovic (2013), which seeks to reduce a potentially continuous variable to a categorical one by clearly classifying people as right- or left- handed. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire to more accurately quantify mixed-handedness as a continuous variable, and to investigate the correlation between Dragovic’s modified 7-item EHI, new items created for this study, and three performance measures (grooved pegboard, finger-tapping and grip strength/dynamometer). A total of 113 self-reported right-, left- and mixed-handed participants were randomly recruited to complete the questionnaire and behavioural measures. The questionnaire data was submitted to exploratory factor analysis and resulting factor scores were examined for correlations with behavioural tests. Compared to the modified EHI, the questionnaire showed a more continuous grading of handedness. Moreover, the degree of handedness on the questionnaire showed a stronger correlation with all the performance measures than the performance measures had amongst themselves. These findings show that the novel questionnaire with modern-day items can provide an accurate estimate of the degree of mixed-handedness in both right- and left-handed individuals. Future studies should examine these measures on a larger sample of left-handed and ambidextrous people, who tend to be more variable than right-handers in their usage. The questionnaire can also be suitable for studying the relationship between variable handedness and other aspects of brain lateralization.

Keywords: Handedness, preference/performance measures, factor analysis

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